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Active Electroreception in Weakly Electric Fish  

Angel Ariel Caputi

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
American gymnotiformes and African mormyriformes have evolved an active sensory system using a self-generated electric field as a carrier of signals. Objects polarized by the discharge of ... More

Auditory Hair Cells and Sensory Transduction  

Jeffrey R. Holt and Gwenaëlle S.G. Géléoc

Online publication date:
May 2017
The organs of the vertebrate inner ear respond to a variety of mechanical stimuli: semicircular canals are sensitive to angular velocity, the saccule and utricle respond to linear ... More

Auditory Processing in the Aging Brain  

Gregg Recanzone

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Age-related hearing loss affects over half of the elderly population, yet it remains poorly understood. Natural aging can cause the input to the brain from the cochlea to be progressively ... More

Biosonar and Sound Localization in Dolphins  

Paul E. Nachtigall

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Toothed whales and dolphins, odontocete cetaceans, produce very loud biosonar sounds in order to navigate and to locate and catch their prey of fish and squid. Underwater biosonar was not ... More

Cortical Processing of Odorants  

Yaniv Cohen, Emmanuelle Courtiol, Regina M. Sullivan, and Donald A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Odorants, inhaled through the nose or exhaled from the mouth through the nose, bind to receptors on olfactory sensory neurons. Olfactory sensory neurons project in a highly stereotyped ... More

Mammalian Visual System Organization  

Farran Briggs

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Many mammals, including humans, rely primarily on vision to sense the environment. While a large proportion of the brain is devoted to vision in highly visual animals, there are not enough ... More

Motion Processing in Primates  

Tyler S. Manning and Kenneth H. Britten

Online publication date:
May 2017
The ability to see motion is critical to survival in a dynamic world. Decades of physiological research have established that motion perception is a distinct sub-modality of vision ... More

Neural Population Coding of Natural Sounds in Non-flying Mammals  

Israel Nelken

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Understanding the principles by which sensory systems represent natural stimuli is one of the holy grails of neuroscience. In the auditory system, the study of the coding of natural sounds ... More

Neuroinflammation and Neuroplasticity in Pain  

Jürgen Sandkühler

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Much progress has been made in unraveling the mechanisms that underlie the transition from acute to chronic pain. Traditional beliefs are being replaced by novel, more powerful concepts ... More

Raptor Vision  

Simon Potier, Mindaugas Mitkus, Olivier Duriez, Almut Kelber, and Graham Martin

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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